Liposuction, also known as lipoplasty ("fat modeling"), liposculpture or suction lipectomy ("suction-assisted fat removal") is a cosmetic surgery operation that removes fat from many different sites on the human body.
Areas affected can range from the abdomen, thighs and buttocks to the neck, backs of the arms and elsewhere.
Liposuction is not a low-effort alternative to exercise and diet. It is a form of body contouring with significant attendant risks and is not a weight loss method. The amount of fat removed varies by doctor, method, and patient, but is typically less than 10 lbs(5 Kg)
The procedure may be performed under general or local ("tumescent") anaesthesia
Preparation- Preoperative orders
Before receiving any of the procedures described above:
• No anticoagulants or aspirin should be taken for two weeks before the surgery.
• If receiving general anesthesia or sedation, and the surgery will be in the morning, fasting from midnight the night before is required. If only local anesthesia will be used, fasting is not required.
• Smoking must be avoided for about two months prior to surgery
A small incision is made in the specified area, and a thin tube is inserted which is connected to a vacuum pump. The surgeon will manoeuvre the tube to break up and suck away the unwanted fat cells. The incisions will be stitched, and bandaged and you will need to wear an external corset following the operation.
You will need to be prepared to stay in hospital overnight, and to take a week off work to recover in comfort at home. Strenuous activity should be avoided for at least a few weeks. There will be scarring where the incisions were made, but this will fade significantly with time. Swelling, bruising and tenderness are common but temporary, and painkillers can help to ease any discomfort.
This is a low risk operation, but as with any surgery, complications are possible. These will be explained in full beforehand by your consultant at your initial consultation.